Implementation through Localization

Full-Cycle Implementation of Women, Peace and Security

Implementation through Localization

At GNWP, we believe that real change happens at the local level – and this is where sustainable and inclusive peacebuilding has to start! This is why we created and pioneered our Localization of UNSCR 1325 methodology – which, to date, was implemented by us in 16 countries, and replicated by others in many more!

GNWP’s Localization strategy is an innovative, bottom-up approach to the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and its supporting resolutions, pioneered by GNWP, and cited by the UN Secretary-General in his reports to the Security Council as a best practice for 8 years in a row. It convenes governors, mayors, councillors, community leaders, paramount chiefs, indigenous and traditional leaders, religious leaders, women leaders, youth leaders, teachers, the security sector and all other key local actors, to jointly analyze the peace and security situation in their local area. Based on this analysis, the local leaders and authorities work together with local women and other marginalized groups to identify concrete actions needed to build gender-equal and sustainable peace in their community, and formulate local action plans (LAPs), local legislation, or add provisions to their existing community development plans to make sure these actions are accomplished. The formulation of local policies and legislation by local actors strengthens ownership, ensures institutionalization of WPS commitments, enhances accountability, and leads to more effective and sustainable implementation. In other words, it helps ensure that local governance is gender-responsive and conflict-sensitive, and that the WPS resolutions are translated into concrete actions.

At the same time, because Localization of UNSCR 1325 is a bottom-up and people-based strategy, it ensures that the implementation of WPS is context-specific and addresses the real needs of women on the ground. This leads to tangible results.

For example, in Uganda, during Localization, women shared the constraints they face in reporting gender-based violence with the police officers who attended the workshop. After the workshop, the police officers worked with the local women to establish a gender-based violence desk and liaison in the police stations. This bridged the gap between the police and community and increased the confidence to report cases of gender-based violence. As a result, the number of reported cases increased 6 times – from 435 in 2014, to more than 2,500 each year since Localization took place. 

In Georgia, Localization workshop participants in Zugdidi raised the need for public transportation from Ganmukhuri to Zugdidi. The Prime Minister’s Office on Human Rights and Gender Equality responded to their request and coordinated with other relevant Ministries to establish a public bus that regularly travels local people from Ganmukhuri to Zugdidi. As a follow-up, there is now a plan to establish similar buses in Gori municipality. While seemingly small, this action had a big impact on the lives of local women. As our partner, Julia Kharashvili from the IDP Women’s Association “Consent”, who implemented Localization with GNWP, put it: “Lack of accessible and safe transport is a key barrier to women’s participation in decision-making. If there are no public buses, they cannot travel to work, so they are economically independent, and they also cannot access consultations and decision-making processes”.

As of 2021, GNWP has implemented its Localization strategy in Armenia, Burundi, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Georgia, Kenya, Liberia, Moldova, Nepal, Nigeria, the Philippines, Serbia, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Uganda, and Ukraine.

Browse our Localization Toolkit:

In 2018, the Global Network of Women Peacebuilders, funded by UN Women, published a toolkit on the best practices for Localization of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women Peace and Security.

Read more on the toolkit here.