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Local Legislation and Capacity Building Workshop on UNSCR 1325 and 1820; June 19-21, 2012 at Paloma Guest House, Kenema, Sierra Leone

By Selamawit Tesfaye

The Local Legislation and Capacity Building Workshop kicked off on June 19 in the Eastern district of Kenema in Sierra Leone. The workshop has the objective of enhancing women’s capacities to participate in discussions and decision-making on peace and security issues.

The Deputy Mayor of Kenema City Council Madam Margaret Shiaka spoke at the opening and outlined the importance of capacity building of women within the decentralization process of Sierra Leone as it will strengthen the existing governance structure at local levels in the country.

Over 35 participants were in attendance for this workshop from Sierra Leone and other members of GNWP from Burundi, Rwanda, DRC and Liberia.

The most interesting part of the workshop for me was the Conflict Analysis Exercise undertaken by each of the countries and represented. Each country described the conflict in their communities, who the actors were and also the root causes of these conflicts. This process gave me an opportunity to grasp the different aspects of conflicts within the countries represented as they gave a full analysis of the impact of the conflicts on their families, their communities and most of all the impact on women.

There were other interesting sessions which included an introduction of 1325 and 1820 by Dr. Nana Pratt (NOW-SL). She gave a background on some issues from the Sierra

Leone National Action Plan on UNSCR 1325 and its implementation and its link with the local legislation process in the country.  There was also an analysis of linkages between development, peace and security and good governance. Here, the participants divided into groups and shared their understanding of what constitutes as good or bad governance and how they see the existing governance structure in their local council area. They then analyzed the relationship between the Local Council and Cheifdoms and how they relate to each other including on ways this relationship can better be enhanced and more effective. This session gave rise to a heated debate on the existing structures as there were representatives from the Council as well as the Cheiftan structure of Sierra Leone.

The last day involved the development of specific action plans for activities related to UNSCR 1325 and 1820 that should be integrated to Council Development Plans (CDP) and those that should be written into by-laws that will help in reinforcing the existing laws in the implementation of the United Nations Security Council resolutions on women peace and security. Here, the participants identified and committed to enforce the activities that are within their committees.

Although all the participants acknowledged the importance of having by-laws to reinforce the existing national laws, they also noted that so far no by-law has been adopted in Sierra Leone and that various drafts are back logged in the Solicitor General’s Office waiting for approval. In my opinion the focus should now divert to having the already drafted by-laws approved and put into effect. The importance of by-laws in reinforcing existing national laws is of course unquestionable. However, their effectiveness will only be realized if and when they are adopted thus emphasizing the need for advocacy and lobbying on the issue.

Local Legislation and Capacity Building Workshop on UNSCR 1325 and 1820; June 23 – 25, 2012

Sahara Hotel, Bo, Sierra Leone 

By Selamawit Tesfaye

The second workshop for GNWP’s Local Legislation Capacity Building project took place in Bo, the second largest district in Sierra Leone. Bo prides itself as being the cleanest district in Sierra Leone and even enforces a mandatory cleaning day the last Saturday of each month. And truly the streets and highways in the district are very clean especially when compared to Freetown and Kenema.

Just like the workshop in Kenema, the participants to the workshop comprised of Councilors, Paramount Chiefs, members of the Decentralization Secretariat, Civil Society representatives, Family Support Unit, Office of National Security, representatives from the Mayor’s office.

At the opening of the workshop, one of the 14 Woman Paramount Chiefs out of the overall 149 in Sierra Leone, Ms. Ruth Tutu Fawundu-Songa called on women to support one another. She recited her own campaign experience in which her main opposition was women of the community. Following her statement, Rebecca S. ArunaActing Mayor of Bonthe District officially opened the session by intoning “More Women! Better Politics!” from the way most of the participants joined her apparently a very famous slogan in the community. She encouraged women to participate in the coming elections in November. She also called for the end of violence against women which often hinders women from full and active participation in decision making processes.

In their presentation on their understanding of good governance, the councils gave a context of the situation in their respective administrative structures. Here, the presentations were very interesting as the participants were open and gave a full critic of what actually happens on the ground. They were open in criticizing each other and also identifying their weaknesses.

The councils also drafted their action plans on what they plan to do after the workshop in terms of implementation of the SiLNAP by integrating it into their CDPs and identifying possible activities that could be translated into by-laws. In giving their commitments afterwards, all of the participants pledged to create awareness of the UNSCR resolutions 1325 and 1820 as well as the implementation of the SiLNAP.

Lastly, the workshop was concluded with a traditional ritual by one of the Paramount Cheifs who blessed all the partcipants in their future endeavors and wished the best of luck for Gladys Gbappy Brima, founder and coordinator of GNWP member Women’s Partnership of Justice and Peace, who is running for a seat in the upcoming elections in November.

Local Legislation and 1325 Workshop Concludes in Kissy, Sierra Leone (June 27-29, 2012)

By Helena Gronberg 

GNWP’s third workshop on Capacity Building and Local Legislation and 1325 & 1820 that took place in Kissy (Sierra Leone, Western area) from June 27 to 29 concluded yesterday. Kissy, which is part of Freetown City, lies in the Eastern part of Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone. The traffic from the west of town to the east is fantastically terrible and with the daily rains the past week we were happy that the majority of participants had agreed to stay in residence for the 2,5 day training.

In 2000 and 2008 The United Nations Security Council passed Security Council Resolutions (UNSCR) 1325 and 1820 respectively. The resolutions recognize the disproportionate impact of armed conflict on women, and the potential of women’s contribution to the prevention of conflict and peacebuilding efforts. The resolutions demand that Member States take effective measures to promote women’s rights and to end impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence. The local legislation and 1325 & 1820 program, supported by the Government of Canada and the Folke Bernadotte Academy of Sweden, is a shift from awareness raising on UNSCRs 1325 and 1820 into action on the ground.

The participants in the workshops are local district/city councilors, paramount chiefs and tribal heads, members of the Family Support Units, religious leaders, members of the security sector, and leaders of women’s groups.  The workshop sessions include group exercises on conflict analysis, discussions of the two resolutions and Sierra Leone’s National Action Plan on 1325 and 1820 (SiLNAP); presentations of the role of local councils in implementation of issues of women and peace and security; and presentations on formulating by-laws. The expected outputs of the trainings are action plans on integrating UNSCR 1325 and 1820 and the Sierra Leone National Action Plan on UNSCR 1325 (SiLNAP) in local council development planning processes, and recommendations for concrete by-laws. Additionally, GNWP and its partners in Sierra Leone, including the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development and the Decentralisation Secretariat, will draft guidelines for further integrating SiLNAP into council development plans.

The workshop in Kissy targeted only two local councils – the Freetown City Council and the Western Area Rural District Council (WARDC) – whereas the previous workshops in the districts of Kenema (Eastern Area) and Bo (Southern Area) had 5-6 district councils represented in each. The Western Area Rural District and Freetown City together comprise almost one third of Sierra Leone’s population of an estimated 5,3 million. The Western Area also differs from other regions of the country in that there are no Paramount Chieftaincies in this area.  Tribal Heads appointed by the President play the role of Paramount Chiefs here. The Paramount Chieftaincies are highly influential in Sierra Leone, and many Sierra Leoneans’ lives are guided by chiefdom or traditional governance.  Currently, a new government policy that will encompass both chiefdom and tribal administrations is being rolled out. The policy will lead to the formulation of a national law for traditional authorities in Sierra Leone.

 

To our delight the Minister of Local Government and Rural Development, Ambassador Dauda S. Kamara attended the opening session of the training on Wednesday. In his opening statement he emphasized the importance of implementing Resolutions 1325 and 1820 in countries such as Sierra Leone, still bearing the scars of conflict. He further noted that implementation requires “action at the national and local levels” as peace, security and development at the local level is a prerequisite for achieving these at the national level. He expressed his delight at the expected results of the workshop – to come up with practical ways in which the local councils can implement UNSCR 1325 and 1820! Acting Deputy Mayor Bode Gibson of Freetown City also gave an impressive opening statement in which he gave a detailed outline of the contents of UNSCR 1325 and 1820. He was very well briefed! The Deputy Mayor also noted that, “Freetown City Council over the years has fulfilled its role and formed a committee that reaches out to women and girls as specified by both resolutions.”

One of many highlights during the three days was the visit of Ms. Zainab Bangura, newly appointed United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict. (During our workshop in Bo last weekend we had received word that Ms. Bangura, Minister of Health and Sanitation here in Sierra Leone had been appointed to replace Margot Wallstrom of Sweden.) Ms. Bangura thanked the women of Sierra Leone for her achievements and said she counted on their support as she takes on this significant role. She also vowed to work with the Global Network of Women Peacebuilders and encouraged us to contact her once she takes office in New York. And indeed we will take her up on that!

The workshop was inspiring and productive. The focus and dedication of the participants was remarkable and I sensed a level of analysis that I did not experience in the previous workshops. Although conducting four back-to-back trainings is a challenge it has also allowed us to incorporate lessons learned immediately. Improved guidance from the part of us as organizers during the group sessions allowed for deeper exploration and improved results here in the Freetown training.

“I am happy that there are ward committee members here and tribal heads. This workshop has involved women from the grassroots, which I think will have a multiplier effect,” said Councilor Sembia Johnson of the Freetown City Council and President of the Council of Women Councilors. “Some grassroots women still feel that [women’s issues] is an elitist thing, only for educated women.” Councilor Sarah Umu Sankoh from the Western Area Rural District, Waterloo noted that the workshop had provided an opportunity for councilors to become more active. “Personally I have become more motivated and feel empowered to go back and do my work,” she added.

Oju Wilson, Legal Officer at the Decentrilisation Secretariat said that the workshop had provided insight for the various stakeholders on how they can go about “ensuring that when they are preparing their development plan some of these issues are actually inputted into the plans.” To my question on whether our desired output of coming up with concrete recommendations of which activities within the SilNAP should be drafted into by-laws, Wilson responded that formulation of by-laws are key. “By doing this kind workshop we have realized that we can have uniform by-laws for all 19 local councils, which will assist in the law procedures that you will have to undergo if you want to formulate by-laws for each local council. If we are able to achieve by-laws it will be a remarkable success in terms of implementing this particular project.”

Once again we were pleased to be joined by Mr. Steven Gaojia, Minister of Social Welfare, Gender and Children’s Affairs for the closing session. The Minister noted the significance of the local councils and building the capacity of local councilors when it comes to issues of child protection, women’s participation, gender equality and women’s empowerment and congratulated GNWP and our member National Organization for Women on the success of the workshop.

Minister Gaojia to the delight of the whole group informed us that his engagement following the closing of our workshop was to sign the Sexual Offenses Bill, which has been under revision for some time. He will then lead the presentation in Parliament in the coming weeks in order for Sierra Leone to have this robust Sexual Offenses Bill eventually passed into law! Congratulations!

Tomorrow we leave for Makeni, the Northern Area to conduct the fourth and final training on Capacity Building and Local Legislation and UNSCR 1325 & 1820. Stay tuned for yet another report!

 

Towards More Effective Women in Decision making Training on UNSCR 1325 Advocacy and Implementation in South Sudan

June 27 – 29, 2012; South Sudan Hotel, Juba

By Selamawit Tesfaye

Operation 1325 of Sweden and the Global Network of Women Peacebuilders in partnership with the Eve Foundation co-facilitated the workshop on 1325 National Action planning in South Sudan among civil society organizations and some government representatives from June 27-29, 2012. The training workshop was opened by her Excellency Hon. Dr Betty Achan Ogwaro, National Minister for Agriculture and Forestry. She welcomed all the participants and acknowledged that the training workshop is a timely endeavor in light of the situation of women in South Sudan. Participants comprised of mainly CSO representatives but there were also some from the government and other sectors such as the Juba University.

The training started with the basic introduction on UNSCR 1325 and 1820 which was warmly received by almost all participants because even if most of them were already involved in work related on the issue of women peace and security they didn’t have any knowledge of the existence and content of the women peace and security resolutions. In fact, most of them were surprised at the existence of such a detailed legal framework for the inclusion of women’s issues in the area of peace and security.

In the discussions that ensued, participants were given the topic The role of the UN Peacekeeping Mission in South Sudan and asked to do a mock Focus Group Discussion (FGD) on the issue. Most of them reflected their dissatisfaction and how they are there to create jobs rather than creating peace. They also pointed out that the Mission does not engage with the Civil Society within the country and cited an incident where women mobilized and went to talk to the peacekeepers but were not allowed to even enter the compound to have the necessary discussion with the relevant authorities. “Peacekeeping? What peace are they keeping?”, was a common sentiment expressed among most of the participants in the FGDs.

Another important development that came out of this training workshop was the proposal to form a CSO Steering Committee that will undertake the necessary steps for the South Sudan 1325 NAP process which will be coordinated by EVE Foundation. On the other hand, there will also be a NAP 1325 Steering Committee or Consortium composed of the Peace Commission; the Ministry of Gender; CSOs; donors; and UN agencies. The Hon. Minister of Agriculture Betty Ogwaro was requested to serve as Convener of the Steering Committee/Consortium. The Ministry of Gender will be requested to serve as the Secretariat. Then, a Training of Trainers (TOT) will be conducted to increase the level of awareness on the resolutions in South Sudan as well as to close the capacity gap on the issue. Consultations are also planned at a national level to get the required information for the drafting of the NAP and then have it validated and approved.

For now all the parties have identified the steps and are willing to work together on having a NAP adopted for South Sudan. Their dedication and willingness to get engaged on the issue was very touching and inspiring. Let’s hope that a NAP for South Sudan becomes a reality very soon as it will be a groundbreaking initiative in the current peace and reconstruction processes in the country.

Localization of SCR 1325 and 1820 in the Philippines

By Kristine Lim Ang

The successful implementation of localization and capacity building workshops on United Nations Security Council Resolutions (UNSCR) 1325 and 1820 in the Philippines in 2011 led the Global Network on Women Peacebuilders (GNWP) to conduct follow-up workshops, and introduce a new series of workshops in the country, between March 2012 and October 2012. In partnership with Women Engaged in Action on 1325 (WE Act 1325) and a number of other civil society groups and relevant government agencies, GNWP conducted follow-up workshops with municipal and barangay (village) officials and community-based organizations in the province of Real, Quezon from March 20 to 21, 2012, and with the aleemat and local government officials in Mindanao in collaboration with the Philippine Center for Islam and Democracy (PCID) and Noorus Salam on October 5, 2012. With the goal of reaching out to more local government officials and community-based organizations to advance the implementation of the Philippine NAP on UNSCR 1325 and 1820, a new series of workshops was conducted by GNWP and its partner organizations in the following cities / municipalities: Calbiga, Samar – March 23 – 24, 2012; Marawi City, Lanao del Sur – April 2 – 3, 2012; Tabuk, Kalinga – April 12 – 13, 2012; and Cuyapo, Nueva Ecija – May 3, 2012.

The workshops featured discussions on UNSCR 1325 and its supporting resolutions, the Philippine National Action Plan (P-NAP) on 1325, the Philippine peace and security situation, the development in the peace talks, women’s participation, as well as sessions on integrating provisions of the Philippine NAP on UNSCR 1325 and 1820 into barangay / municipal / provincial development plans. GNWP International Coordinator Ms. Mavic Cabrera-Balleza and WeAct 1325 Coordinator / Associate Director of Miriam College’s Center for Peace Education Ms. Jasmin Nario-Galace served as the main facilitators in the workshops, while representatives from different government agencies were invited to discuss the local peace and security situation, peace agenda and the local development planning process of their respective municipalities. As this local legislation and 1325 project is also being implemented in other countries such as Burundi, Colombia, Nepal and Sierra Leone, the participation of three members of Nepali Peace Support Working Group, namely Saathi President Ms. Bandana Rana, Secretary of the Nepali Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction Mr. Dhruba Prasad Sharma, and Joint Secretary of the Nepali Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction Mr. Sadhu Ram Sapkota in the local legislation and 1325 training workshop in Tabuk, Kalinga was part of the multi-country strategy of a South-South exchange which aims to foster a cross-learning component.

While “forging partnerships” with local government units, local women’s organizations and CSOs and other local leaders to ensure that all local actors are fully involved in the implementation of the National Action Plan on 1325 was the main focus of the workshop series, its desired outcome is the integration of the proposed legislations (Sangguniang Bayan / Panlalawigan Resolutions) crafted by the participants themselves during the workshops in the development plans of their respective communities to ensure the sustained implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 at the local level.