GNWP’s Localization Program is a strategy that guarantees effective implementation of UNSCR 1325 and its supporting resolutions. It is a bottom-up approach to policy-making that aligns local, national, regional and international policies and community-driven strategies to ensure local ownership, participation and links among communities, civil society organizations and government.
The Localization Program allows for direct engagement of local authorities including governors, mayors, councillors, community leaders, paramount chiefs, indigenous leaders, religious leaders, local police and military officers who join forces with the national government. The formulation of local policies and legislation by local actors allows for ownership, integration of women, peace and security commitments into local development plans and budgets and more sustainable means of implementation.
The implementation of UNSCR 1325 and the supporting resolutions has been slow and unpredictable despite its esteem and its transformative elements. GNWP’s Localization Program implements from a ground-up rather than a top-down approach by enhancing the capacities of local actors in policy- making and governance.
• Democratic Republic of Congo
• Sierra Leone
• South Sudan
1. Convening local authorities and other key local actors— such as governors, mayors, councillors, community leaders, paramount chiefs, indigenous leaders, religious leaders, women leaders, local police and military officers—to formulate local legislation and integrate UNSCR 1325 and 1820 into community development plans; and
2. Development of Local Action Plans and/or Localization Guidelines— Localization Guidelines are a practical guide that assists local authorities in integrating the NAP and the provisions of the resolutions into community development plans.
• Promote systematic coordination between national and local government authorities in implementing UNSCR 1325 and 1820, along with National Action Plans (NAPs) on the resolutions, where they exist;
• Facilitate greater cross-sectoral cooperation and collaboration on the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 NAPs among civil society organizations, government agencies, UN entities and other relevant actors;
• Raise awareness and understanding of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 and related international instruments and national policies among local government officials, traditional leaders, local women leaders, community elders, religious leaders and the respective constituencies of these local actors;
• Promote local ownership of the resolutions and identify concrete actions toward implementation in local communities; and
• Contribute toward be er global implementation of UNSCR 1325, 1820 and the other supporting resolutions on women and peace and security.
To view photos of the Localization Program per country, click on country titles.
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The 2010 Localization Workshops led to the formation of a group of Core Messengers of 1325 — a group that conducts awareness-raising campaigns on UNSCR 135 and 1820. As a follow-up to the Localization Workshops, the Burundi Guidelines for Integration of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 into local development planning processes were drafted in 2012.
In the absence of a National Action Plan (NAP), participants in Localization Workshops in 2012 drafted Departmental, Municipal and Sectoral Action Plans on UNSCR 1325 and 1820. Participants are now conducting their own Advocacy Campaigns and Workshops to hold mayors’ and public attorneys’ offices accountable for the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 at the local level. The Localization Program has becomes an alternative mechanism for implementation.
Five country and province-specific training modules have been created to build the capacity of local actors such as provincial governors, mayors, vice mayors, district councillors, community leaders, paramount chiefs, tribal leaders and traditional leaders, religious leaders, local police forces, women leaders and teachers in conflict-affected communities in DRC to implement the UNSCR 1325 and 1820 NAP through integration into local legislation/development plans and the adoption of official Localization Guidelines for integrating the NAP 1325 in communal and provincial development plans.
The Localization Program in Liberia produced Local Action Plans in seven districts and initiated a planning process to train provincial Superintendents to become champions of the National and Local Action Plans implementation.
UNSCR 1325 and 1820 have been integrated into school curricula and training for police and army. Nepal has also produced Localization Guidelines to that serve as a manual to assist local peace committees, Village and District Development Committees in integrating the NAP on 1325 and 1820 in their development plans.
A traditional peace council in Kalinga province (called Bodong) made up of 24 members appointed by tribal elders have for the first time included 4 women in the century-old peace council that was previously comprised only of males. In the municipality of Real, Quezon a resolution was passed guaranteeing 50 percent women’s representation and participation in appointive positions in local governance bodies. Furthermore, Local Action Plans and Barangay (community) Action Plans on UNSCR 1325 and have been developed in some provinces to adequately respond to the local women and peace and security context.
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Localization Guidelines for the implementation of UNSCR 1325 in the Municipality of Pirot were formulated and adopted following the Localization workshop in 2014.
The implementation of Sierra Leone’s 1325 and 1820 NAP (SiLNAP) through the local development plans in communities is now part of the performance evaluation of local district officials. The establishment of Local Steering Committees on SiLNAP have been created to ensure implementation. These committees team with the National Steering Committee, composed of government and civil society and led by the Ministry of Social Welfare, Gender and Children’s Affairs, in coordinating the implementation of SiLNAP nationwide. Localization Guidelines were developed by the Ministry of Social Welfare, Gender and Children’s Affairs and the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development, with inputs from the Localization workshop participants, including civil society.
During the 2015 Localization workshops in Yei and Torit Counties, South Sudan, CSOs and local government officials committed to formulate by-laws (local legislation) that support the NAP adoption and implementation. Participants are now conducting awareness and knowledge-raising activities and also created state and county steering committees for NAP integration.
Local authorities and CSOs in different districts including Amuria, Bushenyi, Dokolo, Kitgum and Lira developed Local Action Plans on UNSCR 1325 and 1820, which focus on sexual and gender-based violence. There is evidence that the incidence of SGBV has decreased in the districts where the Localization is implemented.
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